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WHAT IS DIABETES?

ACCORDING TO WHO, Diabetes Mellitus [DM] is defined as a heterogenous metabolic disorder characterized by a common feature of chronic hyperglycemia with disturbance of CABOHYDRATE,FATS AND PROTIENS metabolism.

Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use energy. The Pancreas , an organ that lies near the stomach, makes hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood. This is why many people refer to diabetes as “SUGAR” which is symptomatic.

Diabetes can cause serious health complications including cardiovascular diseases, retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy ,diabetic ketoacidosis, hypertriglyceridemia, low LDL cholesterol, hyperglycemia , hypertension and gangrene of lower extremities, brain stroke. Diabetes develop when glucose cannot enter the body’s cells to be used as a fuel.
This happens due to :
1] There is no insulin to unlock the cells { TYPE 1 }
2] There is not enough insulin or the insulin is there but not working properly – INSLUIN RESISTANCE
{TYPE 2}

Dr. Bhagyashree S. Sawarkar
BAMS, MUHS
Director- Appropriate Diet therapy

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